Wow! This course was quick. I want to share my Summary of Learning through this video. This is the first time I have made a video alone; though I faced a few challenges but did my best. I hope you all will like it. It has been an incredible journey for me and I am obliged to gain knowledge from everyone. All the debates were amazingly performed and the participants shared some great points.
Here comes the last Debate and both teams- Britney S., Kayla, and Colton vs. Arkin, Kat, and Chris did a great job and as said and discussed in the class online as well as in person teaching and learning is important nowadays. As said by Dalton in the discussion that, “its ironical to have this discussion as we are having online education.” Their are many who is very comfortable in taking online education as you do not need to present in class to take education and education is not restricted to four walls classroom now. Covid-19, Pandemic is one of the biggest example which states and shows how important Online education is and any pandemic can not stop teaching and learning. There is no doubt in saying that person touch is missing in online Education; However, I also felt many challenges when we started online education but slowly and steadily everything took place and education didn’t stop. The advancement of the internet and technology has always helped mankind with an abundance of resourceful information. During the time of happiness, we make use of the virtual world, equally during times of adversity, the internet can bring a smile to our faces and help with loads of information. The online and virtual world has a humongous contribution, especially to the educational landscape. Let’s go through what are the core benefits or advantages one can derive from online learning.
Teachers can provide lessons to students more efficiently through online learning. Teachers can employ a variety of online learning tools, such as videos, PDFs, and podcasts, as part of their lesson preparations. Teachers can become more efficient educators by expanding their lesson plans beyond standard textbooks to include online resources.
Accessibility of Time and Place
Another benefit of online learning is that it allows students to take classes wherever they want. It also enables schools to reach out to a larger network of pupils rather than being limited by geographical limits. Online lectures can also be recorded, preserved, and shared for later viewing. This allows students to access the instructional materials whenever it is convenient for them. As a result, online learning provides students with the flexibility of time and location in their education.
Another benefit of online learning is the cost savings. When compared to traditional schooling, online education is significantly cheaper. Because online learning reduces the costs of student transportation, lunches, and, most significantly, real estate, this is the case. Furthermore, all course or study materials are available online, resulting in a paperless learning environment that is both more economical and environmentally friendly.
Improved Student Attendance
There are lower risks of pupils missing lectures because online classes can be attended from home or any other location.
Suits a Variety of Learning Styles
Every kid has a unique educational experience and learning style. Some pupils like to learn through visuals, while others prefer to learn through sounds. Similarly, some students excel in a classroom setting, while others prefer to work alone and are easily distracted by large groups. With its variety of options and resources, the online learning system can be customized in a variety of ways. It’s the most effective technique to create the ideal learning environment for each learner.
Challenges Posed by Online Learning
While online learning opens up a range of new opportunities for imparting education, it comes with its own share of challenges as well. India still needs to go a long way in order to make online learning available to all the students in the country through proper developments in this regard. Some of the challenges that online learning presently faces in India include:
Inability to Focus on Screens
One of the most difficult aspects of online learning for many students is the inability to focus on a screen for lengthy periods of time. Students are more likely to be quickly distracted by social media or other websites while they learn online. As a result, teachers must maintain their online lessons concise, interesting, and interactive in order to keep students focused on the topic.
Another major issue with online classes is the lack of internet access. While internet penetration has increased by leaps and bounds in recent years, maintaining a stable connection with adequate speed remains a challenge in smaller cities and villages. There can be a loss of continuity in learning for children if pupils or teachers do not have access to the internet on a regular basis. This has a negative impact on the educational process.
Sense of Isolation
Being in the company of their peers can teach students a lot. However, there are little physical encounters between students and teachers in an online class. The students often feel alone as a result of this. In this case, the school must allow for alternative channels of communication between students, classmates, and teachers. This can include things like online messaging, emails, and video conferencing, which allow for face-to-face engagement and alleviate isolation.
Teachers must have a basic understanding of how to use digital modes of learning in order to teach online. However, this is not always the case. Teachers may have only a rudimentary understanding of technology. They don’t always have the resources and tools they need to offer online classes. To overcome this, schools should invest in providing teachers with the most up-to-date technical training so that they can easily conduct their online classes.
Manage Screen Time
Many parents are concerned about the health risks of their children looking at a screen for long periods of time. One of the most serious problems and downsides of online learning is the rise in screen time. Students may acquire terrible posture and other physical problems as a result of sitting crouched in front of a screen for long periods of time.
Online Learning is one of the most popular trends that have surfaced in the pandemic world. All of us are working from home or studying online, thus in some way using the internet to carry out the tasks we would normally do in a world without the pandemic. Online Learning has become a true saviour for students who are unable to attend regular classes at schools or colleges. However, for teachers bound to traditional classrooms, online learning was an initial challenge but as they learned its essentials and workings, it has helped every teacher connect better with their students during the pandemic.
Last class, Debaters Rae and Funmilola vs. Gertrude and Kim; both teams shared good knowledge about how and who is responsible for helping our students with digital footprints. In my last course, “Digital Citizenship and Media literacy” by Alec; I was first time introduced to the terminology and meaning of Digital Footprints and as discussed during the debate Digital citizenship and Digital footprints are two different things. I believe teaching about Digital footprints is a responsibility of an educator and a school. However, it cannot be fully done by educators and Schools; external forces need to participate in developing those skills and knowledge. For instance; Common Sense Media Education is playing a great role in developing lesson plans and tool kits for teachers, parents as well students to get awareness about Digital citizenship and media literacies. As I belong to a country ‘India’ where even teachers need the training to get learning about Digital footprints, so if talk about Global Education; still Educators and Schools don’t have such resources to fulfill the teaching students about Digital Footprints.
What is a digital footprint?
On the Internet, a digital footprint is a word used to describe the trail, traces, or “footprints” that people leave online. This is information transmitted online, such as forum registration, e-mails and attachments, uploading videos or digital images, and any other form of transmission of information — all of which leaves traces of personal information about yourself available to others online. -Source: Webopedia (Free online dictionary for words, phrases, and abbreviations that are related to computer and Internet technology.)
Teachers and students learning together in 21st-century classrooms are capable of achieving great things. Devices allow students to connect, communicate and collaborate online and publish their work to a global audience. Any content published online will begin to create a digital footprint for each individual. As educators, we need to ensure we model and teach our students how to post content to ensure the digital footprint they are creating is positive in nature. Rather than just teaching children about Internet safety and reducing their digital footprint, we should also encourage them to curate a positive digital footprint that will be an asset for them in the future.
When should positive digital footprint education begin?
There are four reasons the two final years of primary school would be an ideal time to begin to teach children about positive digital footprints:
they are lacking this information and were not aware a digital footprint could be a positive asset for their future
children at this age are transitioning from predominantly game playing and video watching to more creative and generative uses of the Internet and social media
different parenting styles mean not all children will get this information at home
the strength of the cyber safety message they’re getting from schools suggests this knowledge could be built upon so children are given options about which online activities should remain invisible and which would be beneficial to have out there.
Children could be taught how to curate their online presence. That is, they could be explicitly taught not all they do online needs to be hidden. Curation is about knowing what to display publicly and what should remain private. While it’s appropriate for conversations with their friends not to be public, children could be taught that digital artifacts which demonstrate their interests, achievements, and skills could be both public and identifiable. School projects, awards, pieces of writing, and digital artworks are examples of suitable things to be attributed to them. Teaching children to curate their achievements, skills and some aspects of their digital identity would help prepare them for the greater online freedom that will come with high school.
To conclude, I want to state that being an Educator; We should educate our children about their digital footprint, and encourage them to think before posting pictures, videos, comments, and replies. Let your children know that their teachers, coaches, college admissions officer, and even future employers may view their posts, now and in years to come. Most importantly, encourage your children to be the very best version of themselves with others, be that in person or online.
In the last class, both debate topics were similar and I think the teams provide great facts and information about the topic. As discussed and shared in the class, be it a social media or a cell phone; an Educator or Parent Guidance plays a great role in making their children learn about the best usage of it. Excess of everything is bad; so having a balance in using social media or proper use of cell phone is necessary. I was on the agree side of this topic as I also think that Cell phones have become one of the major distractions in the classroom and as shared by the Agree team (Amanpreet, Lovepreet, and Echo); they shared amazing facts and threats that a cell phone can create in child’s life especially studying in a classroom. Nomophobia is resulting in poor academic results and affects the school performance of a child. Also, as shared by Amanpreet; buying expensive cell phones can create jealousy in other students, especially the ones who cant afford better technology phones. However, Cell phone usage is not only give a negative impact, it provides some good effects as well. As shared by the disagree team (Bret, Reid, Leona) they provided some good opportunities and effects that Cell phones give to students. Clearly, technology is required when learning outside of the classroom, particularly for remote learning or flipped classrooms. But physically, in school, the vast majority of students want to use their smartphones for academic purposes.
Mobile phones in school have been linked to cyberbullying and problems from social media and online videos – and schools have policies on how they can be used and some already have bans in place. There have also been concerns about the sharing of internet pornography through mobile phones, highlighted after the Everyone’s Invited website revealed a culture of sexual harassment among some school students.
“Mobile phones are not just distracting, but when misused or overused, they can have a damaging effect on a pupil’s mental health and well-being. I want to put an end to this, making the school day mobile-free. “In order for us to help pupils overcome the challenges from the pandemic and level up the opportunity for all young people, we need to ensure they can benefit from calm classrooms which support them to thrive,” said Mr. Williamson.
Positive effects of Cell phones in Classroom
Students have already found ways of using cell phones in school for academic purposes, even if their instructor isn’t integrating technology into lessons. Students are also using their cellphones in the classroom to access digital textbooks and, most commonly, to take photos of lecture slides. Cellphones have made the practice of active learning much more straightforward to manage. Apps and student engagement platforms help. Classroom quizzes, discussions, and other active learning ideas can all be executed on a mobile device. And, as previously mentioned, many students say that they are willing to use their devices for this. Robert Shuter, the founder of The Center for Intercultural New Media Research, explains. “Mobile devices can significantly enrich learning, according to myriad studies, as long as instructors carefully integrate them into their teaching and judiciously monitor their use.”
To conclude, Cell phones are the major requirement of the students in the present age. Students want to take their cell phones to school. According to research, 58% of students bring cell phones to banned schools which promotes a negative trend in schools. By allowing cell phones we can take control over the promotion of negative attitudes. Mobile phone use at the school can teach the children digital responsibility and citizenship. Students learn their moral and social responsibilities while using technology. Educational institutions and teachers teach students about the positive use of cell phones at the early stages of education. Teachers teach them about the rights of the other students and social norms. The cell phone also promotes communication skills of the students that help them in developing positive citizenship behavior.
When you ask most young adults about their childhood, they can illustrate a clear example of what those treasured early years looked like for them. Playing outdoors, making new friends in the neighborhood, going on spontaneous adventures, and trekking home happily exhausted at sunset. But when I spend any time with my son or my students (aged 2-8), the only thing they want to do is use their technological devices. More than a few minutes without Wi-Fi is their definition of torture. There is no doubt that technology plays a significant role in our lives but it is also true that in today’s times; talking especially about children, are more engrossed in social media via technology. Concerns over children’s media and technology usage have risen over the past decade. Some researchers have gone so far as to call society’s current technological trends “the death of childhood.” Though such rhetoric is harsh, the growing unease is not without merit: very young children (two and under) are not mentally or cognitively capable of handling the demands of popular technology. In fact, excessive television exposure can adversely impact their early language development. And dangers persist for all ages — older children and teens’ lower impulse control makes them more susceptible to the addictive quality of apps and social media.
The constant stream of new, exciting information stimulates the brain’s reward center in a manner similar to psychological classifications of addiction. According to Common Sense Media, 50% of teens readily admit to feeling addicted to their devices, citing an immediate need to respond to notifications or texts. Even as adults, we can’t go for too long without itching to check our devices at the risk of whatever other task is at hand (including a face-to-face conversation). We’re all guilty of it, and as we shift life phases into adulthood, children are only mirroring the norm as their access to devices grows. It’s become commonplace to see kids glued to a screen and staying indoors where the Internet and electricity are easily accessed.
Furthermore, social media (and therefore my access to anything immoral) in my adolescent days were limited just to Facebook. Kids of today are faced with several options that offer little filtering beyond one’s own interests. Now when I come across anything negative, graphic, or otherwise sensitive on the many platforms of today, I struggle to think of how I would’ve handled the content as a naïve pre-teen. Teen girls in particular are at higher risk for anxiety and depression as their social media use grows. Seeing how much better your peers are doing, all the time can create a comparison trap and a constant fear of missing out that even I struggle with as a young adult.
What, then, can or should be done? Is it time to turn off the wifi, bring out the board games, and get rid of all the gadgets? Not quite. Though there are obvious risks to children’s increasing access to technology, the academic and social demands of today make it more or less a necessary evil. Regardless of parental restrictions, children will have access to technology through school, friends, and other indirect means. As a result, it is up to parents and educators to guide them through the fast-paced, high-tech world in which they are growing up. This is where digital literacy for children comes in: a new type of literacy that includes concepts like privacy protection and understanding the impact of our media interactions on others. It serves as a springboard for parents to have important conversations with their children about what they’re doing online and to set boundaries that go beyond screen time.
Parental guidance should begin as soon as children are exposed to technology. The involvement of their parents was discovered to be the most important factor in examining the effectiveness of learning apps for 3- to 7-year-olds. Adults can help explain what children don’t understand, expand on what they do, and essentially act as gatekeepers determining what, when, and how much media their children consume. Though this becomes more difficult as children grow older, involvement also includes providing a safe space for exploration.
Historically, classrooms have been the stage for social change, providing a venue to promote and accelerate new ideas. In addition to academic instruction, one of a classroom teacher’s most important roles is to help students develop the critical thinking, collaboration, and self-reflection skills necessary to foster a better society. Teachers must also be aware of the messages sent by the learning materials they use. When choosing class materials, teachers should employ books, articles, and lesson plans that include diverse voices and cultures. Educators also may need to call upon colleagues or community members from specific backgrounds in order to better understand their cultures. Teachers can also strengthen the classroom community through learning experiences that draw upon the diverse backgrounds of their students. New information that includes multiple perspectives will better resonate with students’ previous knowledge. Also, as mentioned and explained in the article about Teachers; being neutral with respect to some political issues is sometimes keeping professional and social life separately.
Technology is accelerating the rate at which ideas, relationships, and information are shared. As such, social media is revolutionizing communication and access to information on both a national and global scale. Mass distribution and the ability to effortlessly share information have influenced many facets of modern life, changing the way we think about, connect to, and engage with social justice and activism. People have discovered new ways to communicate and collaborate through social media. Features such as feeds, profiles, and groups on social platforms provide global access to organizations that can promote and increase visibility by sharing and networking. The use of social media to uplift voices and stories, create awareness, and build and strengthen relationships creates a space for organizations, activists, and citizens to demand justice. Social justice has become a larger issue in recent years, including topics on social justice in the workplace. A generation has grown up with instant access to information on any culture, both current and past. Global communications allow people to speak across old political borders. Incidents of economic and social disparity are easier than ever to spot. This is all good. But classrooms remain one of the chief places students air and hear new ideas. Schools want teachers to be prepared to handle social justice topics.
In the current state of the world, Educators taking sharing about social justice issues on social media are becoming more and more connected. Young people are involved in various online services in many different ways, and using that fact to help teach them in more inclusive and involved ways is a great idea for any school or college. Just like so many other industries have used social apps to their benefit, it is now time that academic institutions start including it more in their curricula.
With its various applications, technology has rapidly revolutionized all aspects of our everyday lives. It has slowly but surely also impacted education and how we shape young minds. And as is always the case with technology, some schools have embraced it, while some continue to resist it for various reasons. The traditional classroom learning method that has a teacher standing on a podium in front of rows of students is still very prevalent. However, it cannot be denied that the use of automated technological platforms is on the rise, be it in the form of virtual or online learning software or other digital resources used to enhance teaching and learning in the classroom. With the rapid advance in technology, teachers are being encouraged to use educational apps and devices to supplement their instruction. There is no doubt that both the teams did a great job in the debate and the topic surely brings the heat in the discussion. In my opinion, I agree that technology is bringing a fun element to education, improves creative skills among students, and also brings confidence in doing any subject. However, while discussing in the breakout room, I discussed the fact how educators bring change in making students learn about any topic; For instance, learning grammar basics is very important in our studies, and it’s better for students to learn those skills rather than using some apps like Grammarly to correct the mistakes.
Technology in schools
Parents and educators often view technology as an optional tool that keeps children from getting any physical activity and also something that distracts them from concentrating on their studies. However, with time, moderating ‘screen time’ has become an accepted reality for most parents. Parents and even educators have begun to see the value of introducing technology to education.
Technology in schools develops deductive skills in students so that they can understand the application of concepts in the workplace.
Technology in the classroom makes learning fun. Boring subjects can be made more exciting with videos and even games.
Technology helps students retain information better. For example, students may be more likely to remember facts and information when they put together a PowerPoint presentation on the topic than reading from a book or listening to a lecture.
All students learn differently. While listening to a lecture may help some, many students may also be inclined to learn better with visual aids, case studies, and simulations. Technology gives students more choice, agency, and ownership of how they want to learn.
As students take more responsibility for their learning by using technology to collect and retain information, the teacher’s role transforms into that of a guide- a motivational figure helping students along the way. This may do wonders for the student-teacher relationship.
Technology can make education more accessible, especially for students from rural backgrounds with limited resources, who are less likely to make it to the classroom than students from privileged backgrounds. If these students have access to say an online repository of classroom materials and school resources, they may be able to keep up despite the high rate of absenteeism.
The use of technology is creating diverse educational opportunities that address a variety of learning needs and desires. At the same time, these advances nicely complement the fundamentals of good education: building an environment that encourages curiosity and challenges students in innovative ways, while providing them with problem-solving tools for the future.
No two students learn the same way, but with the right insight tools, educators can address diversity in learning styles and experiences. Outside the classroom, students use technology in all aspects of their lives. Within the classroom, technology can make learning more fun and exciting. Teaching methods such as game-based learning (GBL) allows instructors to deliver lesson via interactive games and leaderboards. As said by Sushmeet, using video games can also improve fine motor skills. Integrating technology in education helps students stay engaged. Most students today have been using mobile devices like tablets and smartphones to play and learn since they could crawl. So it only seems logical to align today’s classrooms with the way that your students want and are used to learning.
Technology is inevitable in our everyday lives. This is because life without technology is pointless in today’s dynamic world. Technology, which brings together tools to promote development, use and information exchange, has as its main objective of making tasks easier and the solving of many problems of mankind. When technology progresses and makes our lives even more convenient, we must stress how beneficial it is to our lives. Imagine life without technology Right now, what kind of life have we? Technology is part of our lives and is one of the key elements for mankind’s survival in a quick-phase world. The development of new technologies helps to save lives; it improves work and makes the world better. In reality, technology has played a very important role in how we live in the world today and how we communicate in the atmosphere with everything around us. Impact of technology is higher than that we expected. So we are developing new innovations to live in a better and standardized life. Some such technology helps some emerging countries to have a stronger infrastructure in place that also means better transportation, better schools, hospitals and other municipal services, and access to health care. Small and small businesses. As a result of technological advances, they are increasing and spreading across countries. It is innovation that gives the power to spread their wings to organizations. The positive impact of technology on society has brought change and helped us to reach new heights that have never before been conceived of. Nobody else has changed technology’s way of life, and that is precisely why technology is and will always be so important today. So Technology is important in our daily life in many ways that we cannot ignore purposefully.
Even though there are a lot of things that we cannot ignore, which tech world provides us. However, The digital divide is a problem that affects people from all walks of life. It is a multifaceted issue, but two main characteristics define this gap: access to high-speed internet and access to reliable devices. Many of the individuals who struggle from the digital divide face both. In some areas, internet access is either limited, unavailable, or unaffordable for those who could be equipped. Even with a reliable internet connection, access to certain digital spaces can remain a challenge, always just out of reach for those who can’t afford costly tools like laptops and software. This leaves countless students and professionals to rely on public computers or their mobile devices as their only tools to exist in an increasingly digital world. It leaves many more, like those in rural areas or living under the poverty line, without even that. Also, coming from a country like India, makes me feel that we are lacking in technology as we have experienced a big shortcoming at the time of Pandemic, students from economic weaker sections were not able to take online classes because of non- availability of proper internet connection and many were not even having devices to attend classes. All in all even though technology is improving every day and everywhere but many are lacking resources to fulfill their technological needs.
“Technology and innovation must act as a means of just social change—to reduce social gaps and inequality, to ensure that every person on this planet has a chance to enjoy the fruits thereof, and to make the world a better place.” Yoel Esteron
There is no doubt in saying that technology has made our lives very easy. It was indeed a great debate and discussion about the pros and cons of Technology enhancing teaching and learning. I was on the agree side in the beginning and after listening to all the discussion; I was still on the agree part because I believe that technology is truly helping educators to enhance learning and teaching among students. In my own experience of teaching, usage of technology like smartboards, interactive boards, laptops, the internet, and many technological advancements play a vital role in bringing innovativeness in teaching students.
Technology has become a way of life for students. Even when they are not in school almost everything they do is connected to technology in some way. This has predisposed students to be able to connect with technology in the classroom. It is much easier to connect with individualized lesson plans through technology than by reading a textbook or listening to a long lecture. Students are also able to connect with the tools they need to be successful in the 21st century. Technology in the classroom is essential for increasing student engagement and empowering educators to create innovative learning experiences in and out of class. With an Internet connection, we have access to information at our fingertips 24 hours a day. We can find almost anything online, in its most up-to-date version. For students, this means access to everything from research materials and educational apps to interactive edutainment and open resources from prestigious universities around the world. (Students may, however, need instruction on how to find credible resources and direction on providing proper attribution when they use them.) Students can also supplement their learning by connecting with online groups and virtual communities in real-time, or by collaborating on group projects using tools such as wikis and cloud-based apps. And instructors can provide access to the course material (and additional resources) by setting up portals through learning management systems or giving access to course-specific software for each learner. For budget-conscious educators, open educational resources may provide helpful course materials their students can access throughout a course.
As mentioned by the agree side in one of their reading about how technology is improving education through the vast range of educational apps, software, and e-learning tools. Similarly, in my last course #eci832 I learnt about Commonsense Media Education and it provides a great way of lesson plans for teachers, especially at the elementary level, and helps educators as well as students to learn about media literacies. It gives quick and easy teaching strategies for integrating technology into the classroom.
Technology changes extremely quickly. It is important that educators keep up with these changes to ensure students are prepared for our ever-changing world. Integrating technology into the classroom can enhance student learning. However, it is also important to remember that technology is not a complete replacement for traditional methods. Technology should be used to enrich the overall educational experience and improve student learning outcomes. This will allow the technology used to have a profound impact on student learning.
First post of EC&I830, sharing about my day using technology. Technology is everywhere and is used most of the time in the day. Since childhood, I have been using technology socially and educationally. I remember that in my school days when I was a kid, I used to attend computer classes since kindergarten. People around the globe are using technology and other constraints of development in a very advanced way of life. From business professionals to small toddlers everyone uses technology in a very user-friendly and efficient manner. I use technology a lot in my daily life. Firstly being a full-time student, I need my laptop for classes, and for that, we use zoom and COVID-19 Pandemic, which has proved that life needs technology. Shifting students from a classroom to online classes were very challenging as well as great learning for teachers and students. I am not tech savvy person but after attending last semester’s class #eci832, I became more confident and learned some important lessons about media literacy. Technology enters the role of a well-being coach, supporting people in the achievement of personal goals and behavior change. The present research explores the notion that just like in face-to-face settings, the form of dialogue may present an essential factor for motivation and ultimately behavior change.
Talking about my personal journey, even though I have been using many apps like Facebook, Snapchat, TikTok, and Instagram as social networking sites. However, in the past few months as our Major Project in my last course, I tried to use these apps from Digital Citizenship and Media Literacy lens. It is a great lesson for me as I have never worked or get involved in these apps so much. Also, I tried collating some points that I learned from using these apps. If anyone likes to read about it, can open this link.
As I stated that I am from India and was working as a Pre-Primary teacher. I have been using some tools like Interactive boards and Smart-boards for our kids on daily basis. I use to play stories and games for some interactive sessions. Since I moved here, I have been working as an Early Childhood Educator in daycare at the YMCA of Regina for the past 8 months and here, we use an app called Vooks, it’s a storytelling app and used various animations to build great communication skills for our kids. It is used on a daily basis and is played on an I-pad or smartboards. Also, for parent’s and educator’s communication Weemarkable app has been used, here we upload each and every detail about a child for instance Daily Play experience, food, nap time, and many more things. So, that parents feel connected and it has been used both by parents as well as educators.
I know that we are all engaged and stay busy in this technological world in one or the other way. Technology is growing so fast and sometimes it feels that we don’t have our personal space because technology is everywhere, nobody is alone!! I want to know more thoughts about your experiences and how technology brings challenges to our lives.